First-principles study of work functions of double-wall carbon nanotubes


2014-09-03 12:09:03 作者: 所属分类:期刊 阅读: 1,909 views

Using first-principles density functional calculations, we investigated work functions (WFs) of thin double-walled nanotubes (DWNTs) with outertube diameters ranging from 1 to 1.5 nm. The results indicate that a work function change within this diameter range can be up to 0.5 eV, even for DWNTs with the same outer diameter. This is in contrast with single-walled nanotubes, which show negligible WF changes for diameters larger than 1 nm. We explain the WF change and the related charge redistribution in DWNTs using the charge equilibration model. The protential difficulty in their nanoelectronic device applications.